Many elements need to be considered by women, men, or couples at any given point in their lifetimes when choosing the most appropriate contraceptive method. These elements include safety, effectiveness, availability including accessibility and affordability , and acceptability. Voluntary informed choice of contraceptive methods is an essential guiding principle, and contraceptive counseling, when applicable, might be an important contributor to the successful use of contraceptive methods. In choosing a method of contraception, dual protection from the simultaneous risk for HIV and other STDs also should be considered.
Pregravid contraceptive use and fecundability: prospective cohort study
Can birth control harm your fertility? Many hormonal contraceptive choices have risks, but infertility is not one of them. According to numerous studies, you are as likely to conceive if you used birth control in the past as a woman who has never used hormonal contraceptives. In fact, one of the largest studies looked at women who had been using birth control for seven years. They found that However, you should know that the study specifically refers to the woman's first fertile month after stopping contraception. There can be some slight wait time between when you stop birth control and your fertility returns.
Individuals and couples adopt these patterns in accordance with their cultural values, reinforced by formal or informal social pressures. The methods of fertility control are traditionally grouped into four categories: abstinence, contraception, sterilization, and induced abortion. The boundaries between these categories, however, are not clearly delineated and will become even less so in the future. The rhythm method , for example, is a method of contraception, but it also requires abstinence during a portion of the menstrual cycle. Oral contraception interferes with reproduction for periods of time and is sometimes referred to as temporary sterilization, while surgical sterilization has been called permanent contraception.
Comments and Evidence Summary. The age at which a woman is no longer at risk for pregnancy is not known. Both the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the North American Menopause Society recommend that women continue contraceptive use until menopause or age 50—55 years ,